( Slavutych, Ukraine)
On 10 September, the workshop of Ukrainian and Russian nuclear men dealing with urgent issues of ChNPP power units decommissioning and radioactive waste management started in the Chornobyl Center (Slavutych).
The workshop was organized by NNEGC “Energoatom”, “Rosenergoatom” Concern FSUE and Chornobyl Center within the framework of the organizations’ cooperation programs.
This is already the third time that Ukrainian and Russian nuclear men gather at a joint workshop in order to share experience in planning and safe performance of nuclear power units decommissioning, preparation and implementation of comprehensive engineering and radiation surveys (CERS) of power units, management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The workshop participants include representatives of all the Ukrainian NPPs, State Nuclear Regulatory Committee of Ukraine, Ukrainian Ministry for Emergencies, NNEGC “Energoatom”, “Rosenergoatom” Concern, Chornobyl Center, State Scientific and Technical Center for Nuclear and Radiation Safety.
Experience exchange in solving technical, ecological, economic, personnel, social, and other problems is surely important for those, who are engaged in decommissioning process in order to make this complex stage of a nuclear facility’s lifetime thoroughly prepared, professionally implemented and as safe for people and environment as it is maximum achievable.
Problems of financial provision for decommissioning process, development of a unified CERS database for the Ukrainian NPPs, dismantling options that will be applied to shutdown power units in future, etc. raised the most interest of the audience during the 10 th September ‘ s plenary meeting. The computer-based CERS support system that has been developed and implemented at the South Ukrainian NPP by Chornobyl Center ‘ s specialists was highly appraised by the NPP experts and recommended for use at other Ukrainian NPPs.
The second day of the plenary meetings will be dedicated to the issue of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel management. Totally, within the three days the workshop participants will listen to and discuss 18 reports, visit International Radioecology Laboratory, Chornobyl NPP and the town of Prypyat.
Nowadays, more than 350 nuclear facilities in the world (including nuclear units, experimental reactors and medical apparatus) are close to the end of their lifetime. Among the Ukrainian NPPs Chornobyl NPP Units 1-3 are at the stage of decommissioning. The design operation term of Rivne NPP Units 1 and 2 will expire in 2010-2011 and the one of South Ukrainian NPP Unit 1 will come to the end in 2012. Currently, Novovoronezh NPP Units 1 & 2 and Beloyarsk NPP Units 1 & 2 are at the stage of preparation to decommissioning in Russia. The thirty-year period of Bilibino NPP power units operation ended in 2004-2006.
The Chornobyl NPP decommissioning program specifies that a final state of the ChNPP site after decommissioning might be conventionally defined as “Brown spot”. This option presumes dismantling of equipment, emptying of the buildings and structures that are not required for further use, processing and removal of radioactive waste outside the territory, and conversion of the site into a state appropriate for nuclear power needs, for instance, for constructing radioactive waste storage facility or other economic activity. ChNPP power units decommissioning will be implemented in accordance with the “deferred dismantling” strategy (under international classification this refers to SAFSTOR method) that envisages long-term cooling of reactor structures and PC equipment (up to 50 years) within the existing engineering structures.
The option of eliminating a unit as a “radiation facility” after conservation under supervision is being implemented at Novovoronezh NPP Units 1, 2 and Beloyarsk NPP Units 1, 2. The option “Storage under supervision” means conservation of reactor facility, all its systems and equipment, their isolation from the environment and further maintenance of their safe condition. Therewith, inactive equipment is dismantled for subsequent use or utilization. Sub-active equipment is subject to gradual decontamination up to a level permitting its unlimited use or utilization. Released premises, buildings and structures may be dismantled or reused for an alternative business.
List of participants (download)
September 9, 2008
Заезд участников, поселение в гостинице «Европейская»
September 10, 2008
|08:45 – 09:00||Registration of the Workshop participants.
Chornobyl Center, Big Conference Hall
|09:00 – 09:15||Opening of the workshop.
Welcoming speeches of the organizers.
|Ye.V. Garin, Chornobyl Center;
Yu.P. Roshchin, NNEGC “Energoatom”;
P.N. Gribchenko, “Rosenergoatom” Concern FSUE;
N.I. Proskura, AEZ&ZA(O)R
|09:15 – 09:30||Presentation of the Chornobyl Center’s experience||S.N. Chesnokova, Chornobyl Center|
|09:30 – 10:00||Status of activities on preparing “Rosenergoatom”
Concern’s NPP power units to decommissioning
|P.N. Gribchenko, “Rosenergoatom” Concern FSUE|
|10:00 – 10:30||Planning the decommissioning of NNEGC “Energoatom”
nuclear power units being currently in operation
|Yu.P. Roshchin, NNEGC “Energoatom”
A.N. Sinchenko, NNEGC “Energoatom”
|10:30 – 10:50||Coffee Break|
|10:50 – 11:20||Approaches to choosing a strategy for the Ukrainian nuclear power units decommissioning||V.M. Navalikhin, SSTC NRS|
|11:20 – 11:50||Major tasks and projects at the stage of final shutdown and conservation||V.K. Kuchinskiy, SSE ChNPP|
|11:50 – 12:20||Planning and implementation of activities related to preparation of nuclear power units for decommissioning during the stage of operation||A.V. Karashchuk, SS RNPP|
|12:20 – 14:00||Lunch. “Stary Tallinn” Café|
|14:00 – 14:30||Preparation of SU NPP power units for decommissioning||R.V. Ozerkov, SS SUNPP|
|14:30 – 15:00||CERS progress||L.N. Rostovtsev, SSE ChNPP|
|15:00 – 15:40||Experience of the Chornobyl Center in the area of NPP power units decommissioning.
Experience in developing the program and procedure for radiation survey of buildings, structures, and territory of Units 1&2 at South Ukrainian NPP
|V.R. Rylov, Chornobyl Center
Yu.A. Kochegura, Chornobyl Center
|15:40 – 16:00||Coffee Break|
|16:00 – 17:00||Tour to the International Radioecology Laboratory. Application of IRL methods and equipment during performance of radiation survey and for radwaste characterization.||M.D. Bondarkov, Chornobyl Center|
|17:00 – 18:00||Free time|
September 11, 2008
|10:00 – 10:30||RAW management at various stages of the Ukrainian nuclear power units decommissioning||O.V. Polovinkin, SSTC NRS|
|10:30 – 11:00||Detailed assessment of RAW management during ChNPP decommissioning||V.M. Gavrish, SSE ChNPP|
|11:00 – 11:30||Development and implementation of SNF management concept during ChNPP power units decommissioning||V.G. Peskov, SSE ChNPP|
|11:30 – 11:50||Coffee Break|
|11:50 – 12:20||Problems of decommissioning the ChNPP cooling pond||A.S. Antropov, SSE ChNPP|
|12:20 – 12:50||Management of liquid RAW during decommissioning. Chemical Shop practice||N.N. Kovalenko, SSE ChNPP|
|12:50 – 14:30||Lunch. “Stary Talinn” Café|
|14:30 – 15:00||Status and prospects of RAW management at Khmelnytsk NPP||V.V. Konstantinov, SS KhNPP|
|15:00 – 15:30||Current status and prospects of RAW management at Zaporizhzhia NPP||Ye.V. Surkov, SS ZNPP|
|15:30 – 15:50||Coffee Break|
|15:50 – 16:50||Discussion of the Workshop’s Draft Decisions.
|16:50 – 19:00||Free time|
September 12, 2008
Technical tour to ChNPP
08:30 – Meeting near “Yevropeiskaya” Hotel. Departure to ChNPP (by electric train)
16:40 – Return to Slavutcyh
18:00 – Depart to Kyiv from “Yevropeiskaya” Hotel